THERMODYNAMICS



Thermodynamics is the study of the relationships between heat, work, and energy. Though rooted in physics, it has a clear application to chemistry, biology, and other sciences: in a sense, physical life itself can be described as a continual thermodynamic cycle of transformations between heat and energy. But these transformations are never perfectly efficient, as the second law of thermodynamics shows. Nor is it possible to get "something for nothing," as the first law of thermodynamics demonstrates: the work output of a system can never be greater than the net energy input. These laws disappointed hopeful industrialists of the early nineteenth century, many of whom believed it might be possible to create a perpetual motion machine. Yet the laws of thermodynamics did make possible such highly useful creations as the internal combustion engine and the refrigerator.

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User Contributions:

1
Prof. Man Singh
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Sep 23, 2012 @ 8:08 am
Science itself is a great fun. Those who enjoy science, the science enjoy them by gifting wonders to them such as survismeter, Econoburette, Oscosurvismeter, NOSIA. TRI may explain mere T=teacher without fun in teaching science in class; R= researcher interested with enthuziasm in teaching science in class; I=inventor sacrifices himself not only teaching science in class but 24/7 in the laboratory.
2
Mansingh
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Dec 28, 2013 @ 10:10 am
Let the thermodynamics take over right from bond formation between the atoms or the reformation of the exchange of the bonds between the reacting molecules in form of the products. The type and nature of the bonds lead to develop stretching originating entropy and others and but the similar stretching may in giant molecules for intraentropy which is defined as tentropy.
3
Man singh
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Oct 11, 2015 @ 1:13 pm
True atomic combination develop molcules noted as chemical substance. The properties of these substances are affected not of temperature, pressure but also by the nature of the combing atoms which develop friccohesity
4
Man Singh
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Dec 30, 2017 @ 9:09 am
The embedded hydrogen bonding, functional groups, ionic arrays or pockets further generate extraordinary friccohesics and tentropy via intramolecular multiple force theory (IMMFT). Such science lays down a foundation of tentropicometry because the electronic arrays like Gd3+ with f7 electrons, Hg with full octet. The tentropicometry defines degree of intramolecular activities which develop varieties of arrays noted as portions or canonical areas of effect. Such science of molecules is expressed in solvents of varied polarity similar to the elution of the molecules due to solvent polarity. The said interacting coordinates structurally influence the fluid engineering of liquids which is noted as friccofluids because the molecular distribution on weakening of cohesive forces and strengthening of the intermolecular forces illustrate an overall behavior for developing advance molecular sciences. Therefore there is need to study and attain an understanding of the nature of the liquids through tentropicometry which is tracked by measuring friccohesity with survismeter. These sciences lead to formulate the quality of products because a liquid state facilitates a homogeneous distribution of ingredients, which could determine drug binding and release processes as the solvents gets extract molecules to be accommodated at a cost of energy and molecules motions.

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