Additional Works Consulted


Thomas T. Arny, Explorations: An Introduction to Astronomy . New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.

Herbert Friedman, The Astronomer's Universe: Stars, Galaxies, and Cosmos . New York: W.W. Norton, 1998.

George Gamow, The Creation of the Universe . New York: Viking, 1961.

Norman K. Glendenning, Compact Stars: Nuclear Physics, Particle Physics, and General Relativity . Heidelberg, Germany: Springer Verlag, 2000.

Stephen Hawking, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays . New York: Bantam, 1994.

——, A Brief History of Time . New York: Bantam, 1998.

Robert M. Hazen and James Trefil, Science Matters: Achieving Scientific Literacy . New York: Doubleday, 1991.

Robert Jastrow, Red Giants and White Dwarfs . New York: W.W. Norton, 1990.

Michio Kaku, Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps, and the 10th Dimension . New York: Anchor, 1995.

William C. Keel, The Road to Galaxy Formation . New York: Praxis, 2002.

Lawrence M. Krauss, The Physics of Star Trek . New York: HarperCollins, 1995.

Carl Sagan, Contact . New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.

Paul Strathern, Hawking and Black Holes . New York: Anchor, 1997.

R.M. Wald, Space, Time, and Gravity: The Story of the Big Bang and Black Holes . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

John A. Wheeler, A Journey into Gravity and Spacetime . New York: W.H. Freeman, 1990.


Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen, "The Particle Problem in the General Theory of Relativity," Physics Review , vol. 48, 1935.

Andrew Fazekas, "Mid-Size Black Holes," Astronomy , July 2003.

Mark A. Garlick, "Quasars Next Door," Astronomy , July 2001.

S.S. Hall, "The Man Who Invented Time Travel: The Astounding World of Kip Thorne," California , October 1989.

Stephen W. Hawking, "Black Hole Explosions?" Nature , vol. 248, 1974.

——, "Black Holes in General Relativity," Communications in Mathematical Physics , vol. 25, 1972.

Ray Jayawardana, "Beyond Black," Astronomy , June 2002.

William Keel, "Quasars Explained," Astronomy , February 2003.

Jean-Pierre Lasota, "Unmasking Black Holes," Scientific American , May 1999.

John Michell, "On the Means of Discovering the Distance, Magnitude, etc., of the Fixed Stars," Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of London , vol. 74, 1784.

Paul Morledge, "Black Hole Bites More Than It Can Chew," Astronomy , February 2002.

——, "New Sources of Gamma Bursts," Astronomy , June 2002.

Steve Nadis, "Here, There, and Everywhere?" Astronomy , February 2001.

William Schomaker, "Black Hole Goes for a Spin," Astronomy , August 2001.

——, "Of Starbursts and Black Holes," Astronomy , September 2001.

Michael Shara, "When Stars Collide," Scientific American , November 2002.

Richard Talcott, "Jets from a Black Hole," Astronomy , January 2003.

——, "Seeing a Black Hole's Edge," Astronomy , October 2001.

——, "Seeing an Invisible Horizon," Astronomy , May 2001.

Max Tegmark, "Parallel Universes," Scientific American , May 2003.

Vanessa Thomas, "Dark Heart of a Globular," Astronomy , January 2003.

——, "Life-Giving Black Holes," Astronomy , July 2003.

——, "When Black Holes Collide," Astronomy , November 2002.

Kip S. Thorne, "The Search for Black Holes," Scientific American , vol. 231, 1974.

Robert Zimmerman, "Heart of Darkness," Astronomy , October 2001.

Internet Sources

Fredrik Berndtson et al., "Wormholes and Time Machines," n.d., Chalmers Physics .

"Chandra Sees Wealth of Black Holes in Star-Forming Galaxies," July 5, 2001, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

"A Galaxy Center Mystery," February 21, 2002, NASA.

Michio Kaku, "Black Holes, Wormholes, and the 10 th Dimension," n.d., Cosmology Today .

"A New Class of Black Holes," April 13, 1999, NASA.

"New Evidence for Black Holes," January 12, 2001, NASA.

User Contributions:

Casey Pestka
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 22, 2008 @ 10:10 am
What would happen if a black hole collided with a worm hole?

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: